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Arthur W. Fanta Papers

Identifier: 2012-0124

Scope and Contents

The collection contains the papers of Dr. Arthur W. Fanta. The papers are mostly biographical in nature, including two obituaries, a speaker pamphlet, and a two page typed biography. There are also a number of photographs of Fanta and his wife, Dr. Ruth Roscoe Fanta, possibly taken during their time in Germany. The collection also contains a map of Czechoslovakia, where Fanta was born, showing major cities and connecting roadways. A large portion of the collection is Fanta’s copies of the International Military Tribunal’s indictment against the major Nazi War Criminals, a reflection of his work at the Nuremberg War Trials from 1945-1948. There is no additional documentation of his work at the Nuremberg Trials in this collection.


  • undated, 1945-1963


The collection is open and available for research.

Restrictions on Use and Copyright Information

Permission to publish from these Papers must be obtained in writing from both the University of Connecticut Libraries and the owner(s) of the copyright.


Dr. Arthur W. Fanta was born in Broumov, Bohemia (Czech Republic), on August 1, 1893. He received his doctorates of law and philosophy from the University of Prague and the University of Vienna. After serving in the Austrian Army during the First World War, Fanta practiced international and industrial law in Karlsbad, Czechoslovakia. He also served as the Legal Advisor to the Social Democratic Party in Czechoslovakia. Because of this affiliation and his political activities against the Nazi Party, Fanta was forced to flee to England in 1939. He remained in England during the war and was employed for two years by the British Ministry of War as a Lecturer for the British Army.

In 1945, Fanta became a U.S. War Department employee, acting as one of the prosecutors and trial attorneys in the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials. He was involved in the prosecution of Hans Lammers, chief of the Reich Chancellery, and the interrogation of Gauleiter Ernst Bohle, leader of Nazi activity outside of Germany. While working on the trials, Fanta met the American Ruth Roscoe. They married in 1948 and moved to the United States later that year. While living in the United States, Fanta taught at Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut, the University of Hartford, and the University of Pennsylvania. He was also a research associate and statistician with the State Department of Labor. Fanta died on July 9, 1963 at the age of 69.


0.25 Linear Feet

Language of Materials



The collection contains the papers of Dr. Arthur W. Fanta, who was involved with the work of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg from 1945-1948, but there is little beyond the indictment that documents his work at the Nuremberg Trials in the collection.

Provenance and Acquisition

This collection was donated in 2012.

Related Material

Archives & Special Collections has a substantial collection of materials pertaining to human rights. For detailed information on these collections please contact the curator or ask at the Reading Room desk.

Separated Materials

International Military Tribunal, Nurnberg, Germany 1945-1946 [pamphlet prepared by Public Relations, HQ CMD, IMT, undated]

Justice at Nurenberg. Inscribed by Arthur Fanta. Photographed by Charles W. Alexander, text by Anne Keeshan. Marvel Press, 1942.

Nürnberg. 1945. Published portfolio of drawings of heavily damaged historic structures in the historic city.

Arthur W. Fanta Papers
Archives & Special Collections staff
2012 October
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
Script of description

Repository Details

Part of the Archives and Special Collections, University of Connecticut Library Repository

University of Connecticut Library
405 Babbidge Road Unit 1205
Storrs Connecticut 06269-1205 USA US